Thursday, January 30, 2014

How Blended Learning Environments Can Keep School Open When It's Not

*Co-written with Jenny Krzystowczyk and cross-posted at

Recently, my friend and colleague David Zukor, who lives in an extreme winter climate, made a point on our Google + page that a Blended Learning Environment would be a great solution to all the snow days they were experiencing. He is right. If an established Blended Learning Environment was up and running, school could be too, even when there is a foot of snow outside. I think educators view a Blended Learning Environment as a massive task to undertake. The simple definition of Blended Learning Environments is:

“Learning is referred to as hybrid learning combining traditional face-to-face classroom instruction with online learning.”  The revised definition is:“A formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online delivery of content and instruction with some element of student control over time, place, path and/or pace and at least in part at a supervised brick and mortar location away from home.”Creating a Blended Learning Environment is actually quite manageable and can be set up pretty quickly.  Here are five critical ingredients to setting up a Blended Learning Environment.  

1.  Online Learning Environments
Online learning environments simply need to be a place where assignments can be posted and work can be shared.  This can even be a combination of two places.  Wikis provide a free platform where individuals join up and post information.  Documents, links, and other media can easily be posted there as well as downloaded for easy access.  Wikis are nice if the intention is for all the members to be able to contribute.  Some good examples of wikis include Wikispaces and Google Sites. A learning management system (LMS)  is more fully functioning online platform than a wiki. It allows you to upload content like a wiki, but also includes interactive participation like forums, chats, quizzes, and assignments. In our district, we use MOODLE. It provides a great learning platform with over 70 million current participants.  Other popular  LMS’s include Blackboard, Schoology, and Edmodo.

2.  24 Hour Access to Information
A true blended learning model provides 24 hour access to information for both teachers and students.  Teachers need to be able to view and monitor student progress online, and students need to be able to access assignments and have the convenience of turning in work online.  In addition to MOODLE, access to other online tools can help with this.  Weather, minor illnesses, and schedules should not impede learning.  
Google Drive - Access to documents from anywhere makes Google Drive a perfect tool for blended learning. Students can start their work, share it with their teacher or collaborate with other students. You have the ability to check in at any time, make comments, even edit as they go! Then there is no need to collect the work. It is already turned in!

YouTube - Uploading lessons to YouTube may seem like a scary, public way to do things, but uploading screencasts from sites like screencast-o-matic or screenr can be set to unlisted so that the only way to find them is if the link is shared directly to you.  Don’t forget, if you are a Mac user that screencasts are easily made in Quicktime and can be shared directly to YouTube.  Even better, by embedding the videos into your website, your kids can watch the videos without actually going to YouTube where they may be distracted by their favorite videos! Here’s how to embed videos into your MOODLE course:

3.  Periodic Face-to-Face Interaction
Some educators may shy away from a Blended Learning Environment, because they fear that they will lose that in-person interaction.  As good as our technology is, relationships are the key to high achievement.  Planning for that interaction is critical.  The idea is that teachers can tailor their interactions with their students more effectively as they are monitoring student work.  As students access content online, they are self directed, freeing the teacher up to make one on one and small group connections with students as needed!  Google Hangouts are a great way to connect face-to-face when the roads are closed!  You can get up to 15 people in a hangout and it can also be recorded and posted to your YouTube channel for those who were unable to participate.  

4.  Solid Instructional Design
It isn’t enough to let the technology do the work for you.  With Blended Learning, teachers still stick to good instruction, high quality curriculum, and rigorous demands, but the traditional four walls of a classroom are not always necessary.  

5.  Student Centered Focus
With Blended Learning, students have more control over when and where they accomplish learning tasks.  All of those YouTube videos give students the ability to stop, rewind, and fast forward to the parts they do not understand.  In addition, as you build a library of screencasts and lessons, students can move ahead in a more self-paced environment while still allowing you the ability to control what they view and how they demonstrate their learning to you.
With Google Drive, students can access their work from a multitude of devices and computers.  As long as they have an internet connection, they are set to research, collaborate, and complete tasks.  Monitoring student work through Drive is a powerful tool for teachers.  
The philosophy of student centered learning also allows for easy differentiation for students.  Tiered assignments can be completely confidential without students looking over each other’s shoulder to compare their learning.  

The thought of setting up your own Blended Learning Model can be intimidating, but if you take small steps now to make your content available online you will be doing your students a great service.  The traditional four walls of the classroom simply do not apply in today’s fast paced, technology driven culture.  Meet your kids where they live and benefit from being able to provide learning opportunities on any given day in any kind of weather.  

Happy Snow Day!!

Thursday, January 2, 2014

Helping Parents Balance Digital Access with Screen time

There has been a great conversation going on about parents' concerns with 1:1 initiatives and helping kids manage screen time. Here are just a few of the great posts:

Scott McLeod's When Parents Want to Opt Their Children Out of Ed Tech

Patrick Larkin's A Great Conversation On The Technology Concerns Of Parents Regarding 1:1

Sandy Kendell's Parent Concerns in a 1:1 iPad Initiative

Beth Holland's The Balancing Act of Screen Time

Thanks to each of them and all the commenters for continuing this conversation. As a tech integration specialist who supports a 1:1 initiative as well as a parent of two children who are part of the 1:1 initiative, this is such an important conversation. I feel compelled to add my thoughts.

First, limiting screen time has always been a goal of ours. From the time our kids were little we used an egg timer to help them monitor how long they spent on the computer. As they outgrew this, we still set limits and monitor how much screen time they get. It is not so much about limiting screen time as it is about making sure they prioritize time for other important activities. We want our kids to be active and social. It is so easy to let screen time invade your time to do other things.

Increasingly, screen time is taking on multiple meanings. It used to just be about television. Then it was just TV and gaming. Now it encompasses productivity, creativity, and communication. In a 1:1 setting, it includes homework. This complicates how we manage screen time. For some, it has caused them to disapprove of schools providing devices, further complicating the maze of device and time management in the home.

In our own home, we regularly talk about the appropriate use of devices. Managing time is a key skill for success in the modern world. I consider this a huge priority in our house. It is hard. It is constant. It has helped our kids make good, responsible decisions about how and when they use their digital devices.

I compare this conversation to healthy eating. We need to have an ongoing discussion about how to make healthy choices. While every family makes those decisions for themselves, there are certain basic concepts that kids need to learn. Eating fruits and vegetables is healthy. Families may decide how to prioritize this, but it is important for all kids. The same is true of using digital devices. Yet many families do not have the same types of conversations about screen time that they do about diet.

While some parents have been vocal about not wanting schools to dictate when and how they have this conversation, there are far more parents who are neglecting or avoiding this conversation. It is something we all must be diligent about. Many kids already have multiple devices: phones, ipods, gaming consoles, computers, etc... If parents are not teaching their kids about how to use them responsibly, safely, effectively, and while balancing other interests and responsibilities, then we need to help introduce this conversation in the home. While I respect parents' rights to opt out of a 1:1 initiative, in some ways, I feel like they are opting out of the responsibility of teaching their kids how to operate in a digital world.

Don't get me wrong, I am not saying schools are right and parents are wrong. On the contrary, I believe we have a lot to learn about how to continue this discussion so kids hear it consistently and with open minds. I also believe we have a lot to learn by having open conversations with families about how best to teach this both in school and home. Ultimately, we need to be partners in this.

We also need to provide resources to both teachers and parents to help everyone feel comfortable with guiding children through this increasingly digital world. Here is the resource we are currently using:
Please let us know how we can improve it! And thanks for helping to continue this conversation!